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Theories of War and Peace in Twentieth Century Europe

Identify the ways by which history and political science can be used as complementary approaches to the study of the problem of war and peace among nations. Will review major works from the two disciplines that examine the same problem of how to explain the origins of World War I and World War II in Europe. Will also provide students with an opportunity to undertake and present a significant research project that integrates elements of the two disciplines. One course / 3 units.

American Civil-Military Relations

Theory and practice of relations between the military, society, and the state in the US. Special attention paid to how civil-military relations play out in the use of force. Other topics include: public opinion, casualty sensitivity, and the role of the military in partisan politics. Consent of instructor required. One course / 3 units.

Theory and Practice of National Security

In-depth look at the theoretical and empirical literature explaining how states seek to guarantee their national security. Topics include: grand strategy, nuclear deterrence and warfighting, coercive diplomacy, military intervention, decisions for war, and civil-military relations. Special attention paid to U.S. national security during and after the Cold War. Consent of instructor required. One course / 3 units.

Leaders, Nations, and War

The interaction between state structures and the international system, with a focus on the rise and development of European nations. Topics include war and its effects on national political institutions, nationalism, and state formation; war and national revolution; imperialism and decolonization; and economic dependency and national autonomy. Research paper required. Prerequisite: POLSCI 160. One course / 3 units.

Problems in International Politics

The development and critical analysis of various models in political science and economics that focus on the relationship between international economics and international security. Various models of the impact of political-military dynamics on international economic relationships, and the impact of international economics on the likelihood of war and peace among nations. Attention to the interplay between economics and security in a key region of the world—East Asia. Prerequisite: one course in international relations, foreign policy, or diplomatic history. One course / 3 units.

Courts, Wars, Legacies of Wars

The impact of international wars, international policing, and domestic wars relating to national security on the United States courts of the Fourth Circuit (Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North and South Carolina), and the role played by these courts in the Mid-Atlantic South from the American Founding into the Cold War Era.

Theories of International Conflict

Social science literature review of the causes of international conflict emphasizing the theories concerning the causes of war. Objectives of course: to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the literature concerning the causes of war; to define specific questions and issues which must be addressed by future research; and to develop concrete research strategies for investigating these questions. One course / 3 units.

Civil Wars

In-depth examination of internal armed conflict. Exploration of micro and macro level approaches to causes of civil wars; types of civil wars; ethnicity and conflict; warfare; repertoires and dynamics of violence in conflict; armed group organizations and their tactics; relationship between armed groups and the state; duration and termination of internal conflicts; consequences of conflict and processes of transitional justice after conflict termination. Overview of both classical and more recent works on these topics. One course / 3 units.

Political Economy of International Relations

Provides an intensive investigation of the major political-economic actors and their interactions in the modern world economy: states, multinational enterprises, and international institutions. Serves as capstone experience for undergraduate students who are pursuing Political Economy or Security, Peace and Conflict as concentrations in political science, or who are pursuing a certificate in Markets and Management.

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