October 2017 Duke Political Science Publications

Aydin, Umut and Tim Büthe. "Competition Law and Policy in Developing Countries: Explaining Variations in Outcomes; Exploring Possibilities and Limits."  Law and Contemporary Problems.

We have reasoned that competition regulators often need to challenge not only the anti-competitive practices of private-sector elites, but also the anticompetitive practices of state-owned enterprises and unnecessarily competitionrestricting laws and regulations. This reasoning arguably applies particularly strongly in developing countries. It implies the need to take on entrenched interests of private-sector elites, as well as entrenched interests within the government and the state. Any agency to take on such an agenda on its own would need to be extraordinarily powerful to stand a chance.

Glanz, Rachel and Tim Büthe. "Competition Advocacy as an Anti-Rent-Seeking Policy?  An Empirical Analysis."  In Pursuing Competition and Regulatory Reforms for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals. CUTS International.

There is a striking dearth of empirical work examining whether — and, if so, under what conditions — competition advocacy by competition agencies indeed serves the public interest. In this paper, we provide what we believe is the first systematic empirical analysis using data from outside the US to examine competition advocacy as an anti-rent-seeking policy.

Gillespie, Michael Allen. Nietzsche's Final Teaching. University of Chicago Press.

Cutting against the grain of most current Nietzsche scholarship, Michael Allen Gillespie presents the thought of the late Nietzsche as Nietzsche himself intended, drawing not only on his published works but on the plans for the works he was unable to complete, which can be found throughout his notes and correspondence. Gillespie argues that the idea of the eternal recurrence transformed Nietzsche’s thinking from 1881 to 1889. It provided both the basis for his rejection of traditional metaphysics and the grounding for the new logic, ontology, theology, and anthropology he intended to create with the aim of a fundamental transformation of European civilization, a “revaluation of all values.”

Grynaviski, Jeffrey and Michael Munger. "Reconstructing Racism," Social Philosophy and Policy.

Our theoretical claim is that racism was consciously (though perhaps not intentionally) devised, and later evolved, to serve two conflicting purposes. First, racism served a legal-economic purpose, legitimating ownership and savage treatment of slaves by southern whites, preserving the value of property rights in labor. Second, racism allowed slave owners to justify, to themselves and to outsiders, how a morally "good" person could own slaves. Racism portrayed African slaves as being less than human (and therefore requiring care, as a positive duty of the slave owner, as a man cares for his children, who cannot care for themselves), or else as being other than human (and therefore being spiritually no different from cattle or horses, and therefore requiring only the same considerations for maintenance and husbandry). The interest of the historical narrative presented here is the emergence of racial chattel slavery as a coherent and fiercely defended ideal, rather than the "necessary evil" that had been the perspective of the Founders. The reason that this is important is that the ideology of racism persisted far beyond the destruction of the institution of slavery, through Reconstruction, Jim Crow, and in some ways persisting even today.

Landy, David, Guay, Brian, and Tyler Marghetis. "Bias and ignorance in demographic perception." Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

When it comes to knowledge of demographic facts, misinformation appears to be the norm. Americans massively overestimate the proportions of their fellow citizens who are immigrants, Muslim, LGBTQ, and Latino, but underestimate those who are White or Christian. Previous explanations of these estimation errors have invoked topic-specific mechanisms such as xenophobia or media bias. We reconsidered this pattern of errors in the light of more than 30 years of research on the psychological processes involved in proportion estimation and decision-making under uncertainty. In two publicly available datasets featuring demographic estimates from 14 countries, we found that proportion estimates of national demographics correspond closely to what is found in laboratory studies of quantitative estimates more generally. 

Wang, Austin Horng-En. "Patience as the rational foundation of sociotropic voting."  Electoral Studies.

Economic voting is one of the most important mechanisms on explaining voting behavior and on establishing the democratic accountability. However, people tend to use perceived national economic condition on evaluating the incumbent, which is known as sociotropic voting, instead of their pocketbook. Previous studies suggest both altruism and self-interested future expectation may help explain this seemingly irrational behavior, but empirical works have not yet found convincing evidence to prove or disprove the self-interested motivation. This article suggests that patience makes people discount less on the potential future influence of the current national economic change; if self-interest drives sociotropic voting, patient voters would be more sociotropic.