Professor of Political Science
Anirudh Krishna is a professor of public policy and political science at Duke University. His research investigates how poor communities and individuals in developing countries cope with the structural and personal constraints that result in poverty and powerlessness. His most recent book, One Illness Away: Why People Become Poor and How they Escape Poverty (Oxford University Press, 2010), examines poverty dynamics at the household level, tracking movements into and out of poverty of over 35,000 households in 400 communities of India, Kenya, Uganda, Peru and North Carolina, USA.Krishna has published more than 40 journal articles and book chapters. Other books include Poverty, Participation and Democracy: A Global Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2008); Active Social Capital: Tracing the Roots of Development and Democracy (Columbia University Press, 2002); Changing Policy and Practice From Below: Community Experiences in Poverty Reduction (United Nations Press, 2000); Reasons for Success: Learning From Instructive Experiences in Rural Development (Kumarian Press, 1998), and Reasons for Hope: Instructive Experiences in Rural Development (Kumarian Press, 1997).Before turning to academia, Krishna worked for 14 years in the Indian Administrative Service, where he managed diverse initiatives related to rural and urban development. He earned a Ph.D. in government from Cornell University (2000) and a master's in economics from the Delhi School of Economics (1980).
- Ph.D., Cornell University 2000
- M.A., Delhi School of Economics 1980
- B.A., University of Delhi (India) 1978
Thomas Langford Lecturership Award. Duke University. October 2012
Honorary Doctorate. Uppsala University, Sweden. January 2012
Krishna, A. The Broken Ladder: The Paradox and the Potential of India’s One Billion. Penguin Random House India, 2017.
Krishna, Anirudh. Active Social Capital Tracing the Roots of Development and Democracy. Columbia University Press, 2012.
Krishna, Anirudh. One Illness Away: Why People Become Poor and How They Escape Poverty. OUP Oxford, 2010.
Krishna, Anirudh. Poverty, Participation, and Democracy A Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Uphoff, Norman Thomas, et al. Reasons For Success : Learning From Instructive Experiences In Rural Development. 1998.
Krishna, Anirudh, et al. Reasons for Hope Instructive Experiences in Rural Development. 1997.
Krishna, A., and S. Nolan. “Synthetic Fathers and Real Consequences: Social Mobility Research in Transition.” Journal of Development Studies, vol. 55, no. 4, 3 Apr. 2019, pp. 737–42. Scopus, doi:10.1080/00220388.2018.1549787. Full Text
Krishna, A. “Subjective Assessments, Participatory Methods, and Poverty Dynamics.” Poverty Dynamics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 2009. Scopus, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557547.003.0008. Full Text
Krishna, A. “Do poor people care less for democracy? Testing individual-level assumptions with individual-level data from India.” Poverty, Participation, and Democracy, 2008, pp. 65–93. Scopus, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511756160.005. Full Text
Krishna, A. “Politics in the middle: Mediating relationships between the citizens and the state in rural North India.” Patrons, Clients, and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition, 2007, pp. 141–58. Scopus, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511585869.006. Full Text
Krishna, A., and T. Agrawal. “Food subsidy in cash or kind? The wrong debate.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 54, no. 32, Aug. 2019, pp. 39–43.
Iversen, V., et al. “Beyond Poverty Escapes - Social Mobility in Developing Countries: A Review Article.” World Bank Research Observer, vol. 34, no. 2, Aug. 2019, pp. 239–73. Scopus, doi:10.1093/wbro/lkz003. Full Text
Rains, E., et al. “Combining satellite and survey data to study Indian slums: evidence on the range of conditions and implications for urban policy.” Environment and Urbanization, vol. 31, no. 1, Apr. 2019, pp. 267–92. Scopus, doi:10.1177/0956247818798744. Full Text
Smith, Emily R., et al. “The contribution of pediatric surgery to poverty trajectories in Somaliland..” Plos One, vol. 14, no. 7, 2019. Pubmed, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219974. Full Text
Krishna, Anirudh. “Globalised Growth in Largely Agrarian Contexts: The Urban–Rural Divide.” Esid Working Paper, no. 101, Sept. 2018.
Krishna, Anirudh. “Why Representation Matters: The Meaning of Ethnic Quotas in Rural India. By Simon Chauchard. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017. 292p. $99.99 cloth..” Perspectives on Politics, vol. 16, no. 1, Cambridge University Press (CUP), Mar. 2018, pp. 258–60. Crossref, doi:10.1017/s1537592717003528. Full Text
Krishna, A., and S. Agarwal. “Promoting Social Mobility in India: Modes of Action and Types of Support Organizations.” Journal of South Asian Development, vol. 12, no. 3, Dec. 2017, pp. 236–58. Scopus, doi:10.1177/0973174117733429. Full Text
Krishna, Anirudh, and Swapnil Agarwal. Promoting Social Mobility in India. Vol. 12, no. 3, Dec. 2017, pp. 236–58.
Iversen, V., et al. “Rags to riches? Intergenerational occupational mobility in India.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 52, no. 44, Nov. 2017, pp. 107–14.
Gadiraju, K. K., et al. “Machine learning approaches for slum detection using very high resolution satellite images.” Ieee International Conference on Data Mining Workshops, Icdmw, vol. 2018-November, 2019, pp. 1397–404. Scopus, doi:10.1109/ICDMW.2018.00198. Full Text
Krishna, A. S., et al. “Color edge detection for noisy images by nonlinear prefiltering and block-by-block rotations.” 2015 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing, Iccsp 2015, 2015, pp. 1262–67. Scopus, doi:10.1109/ICCSP.2015.7322710. Full Text
Krishna, Anirudh. “The Stages-of-Progress Methodology and Results from Five Countries.” Reducing Global Poverty: The Case for Asset Accumulation, edited by C. O. N. Moser, BROOKINGS INST, 2007, pp. 62–79.
Social Networks, Property Rights and Public Services in the Slums of Patna and Jaipur awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2017
Organizing Voluntary Action in Support of Poverty Reduction awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2002