Jerry F. Hough

Jerry F. Hough

James B. Duke Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Political Science

External Address: 
140 Science Drive, 208 Gross H, Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708-0204
(919) 660-4347
American Politics

James B. Duke Professor of Political Science, formerly specialized in the government and politics of the former Soviet Union. He is the author of How the Soviet Union is Governed; Soviet Leadership in Transition; The Struggle for the Third World; Soviet Debate and American Options; Democratization and Revolution in the USSR 1985-1991; and The Logic of Economic Reform in Russia.  His current research centers on the establishment of the state, identity, markets, and democracy in the United States.  His first book on the subject is Changing Party Coalitions:  The Strange Red-Blue State Alignment (2006).  His next book is George Washington and the formation of the American Political System, 1774-1799.  The book focuses on the political philosophy of the Founding Fathers and the way that they solved the religions conflicts and the collective action problems of the revolution and the Constitutional Convention.  Hough also writes on the implications for current Iraq.


  • Ph.D., Harvard University 1961

Hough, J. F. The Logic of Economic Reform in Russia, 1991-1998. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 2001.

Hough, J. F. Growing Pains: The 1993 Russian duma Election. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1998.

Hough, J. F. Democratization and Revolution in the U.S.S.R., 1985-1991. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1997.

Hough, J. F., et al. The 1996 Russian Presidential Election. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1996.

Hough, J. F. Russia and the West: Gorbachev and the Politics of Reform. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990.

Hough, J. F. Opening Up the Soviet Economy. The Brookings Institution, 1989.

Hough, J. F. Russia and the West: Gorbachev and the Politics of Reform. Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Hough, J. F. The Struggle for Third World: Soviet Debates and American Options. The Brookings Institution, 1986.

Hough, J. F. The Polish Crisis. The Brookings Institution, 1982.


Hough, J. F., and Susan Lehmann. “The Mystery of Opponents of Economic Reform among the Yeltsin Voters.” Voters in Post-Communist Russia, edited by Matthew Wyman et al., Edward Elgar Press, 1998, pp. 190–227.

Hough, J. F. “The Structure of the Russian Legislature and its Impact on Party Development.” Democratization in Russia: The Development of Legislative Institutions, edited by Jeffrey W. Hahn, Armock: N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1996.

Hough, J. F. “Political Cleavages in Yaroslavl Politics.” The New Legislative Politics in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, edited by Thomas Remington, Westview Press, 1994.

Hough, J. F. “Lessons for Western Theories of International Security and Relations.” Five Years That Shook The World: Gorbachev’s Unfinished Revolution, edited by Harley D. Balzer, Boulder: Westview Press, 1991, pp. 181–200.

Hough, J. F. “Perestroika and Soviet Relations with the West.” Donald R. Kelly and Hoyt Purvis, Old Myths and New Realities in United States-Soviet Relations, 1990, pp. 19–30.

Hough, J. F. “the Foreign Policy Implications of Economic Reform.” The Western Community and the Gorbachev Challenge, edited by Armand Chase and Thomas C. Schelling, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1989.

Hough, J. F. “Conservatism and Reformism in the Party-Bureaucratic Elite.” Alexander Shtromas, The Soviet Union and the Challenge of the Future, New York: Pragon House, 1988, pp. 418–34.

Hough, J. F. “The ’X’ Article and Contemporary Sources of Soviet Conduct.” Containing the Soviet Union, edited by Terry L. Deibel and John Lewis Gaddis, Pergamon-Brassey, 1987, pp. 139–53.

Hough, J. F. “Western Europe in Soviet Options: Security and the Imperative of Economic Reform.” Western Europe and the Crisis in U.S. - Soviet Relations, edited by Richard H. Ullman and Marco Zucconi, Praeger, 1987, pp. 36–43.

Hough, J. F. “The Issue of Moral Equivalence.” Arms Control: The American Dilemma, edited by William R. Kinter, The Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, 1987, pp. 37–54.


Hough, J. F. “The political geography of European Russia: Republics and oblasts.” Post Soviet Geography and Economics, vol. 39, no. 2, Dec. 1998, pp. 63–95.

Hough, J. F. “Sociology, the State and Language Politics.” Post Soviet Politics, vol. 12, no. 1, 1996, pp. 1–19.

HOUGH, J. F. “AMERICA RUSSIA POLICY - THE TRIUMPH OF NEGLECT.” Current History, vol. 93, no. 585, CURRENT HIST INC, Oct. 1994, pp. 308–12.

Hough, J. F. “Thermidor in Russia.” Post Problems of Communism, no. 1, Oct. 1994.

Hough, J. F. “Economic Reform and Russian 'Imperialism'.” Brookins Review, vol. 12, no. 3, July 1994.

Hough, J. F. “Attitudes on Economic Reform and Democratization and the 1993 Election.” Post Soviet Affairs, no. 1, 1994.

Hough, J. F. “On the Road to Paradise Again?: Keeping Hopes for Russia Realistic.” Brookings Review, vol. 11, no. 1, 1993.

Hough, J. F. “Understanding gorbachev: The importance of politics.” Soviet Economy, vol. 7, no. 2, Jan. 1991, pp. 89–109. Scopus, doi:10.1080/08826994.1991.10641331. Full Text

Hough, J. F. “The Logic of Collective Action and the Pattern of Revolutionary Behavior.” Journal of Soviet Nationalities, vol. 1, no. 2, July 1990, pp. 34–65.

Lewin, A. Y., and C. A. Knox Lovell. “Editor's introduction.” Journal of Econometrics, vol. 46, no. 1–2, Jan. 1990, pp. 3–5. Scopus, doi:10.1016/0304-4076(90)90044-T. Full Text


Hough, J. F. “Soviet Interpretation and Response.” Arms Control and the Strategic Defense Initiative: Three Perspectives, The Stanley Foundation, Occasional Paper 36, Oct. 1985.

Hough, J. F. “The Revolutionary Road Runs Out.” The Nation, 1985, pp. 666–68.

Hough, J. F. “The Need for Self-Confidence and Clear-Headed Realism.” Policy Papers in International Affairs, edited by Robert E. Osgood, vol. 16, Berkeley, Calif.: Institute of International Studies, Policy Papers in International Affairs, 1981.

Selected Grants

(95-0091) Cooperation: A Study of Politicians and Institutions in Transitional Russia awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1995 to 1996

(92-0547) Nationality and Politics: The Dismemberment of the Soviet Union and the Reconstitution of a Commonwealth of In awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1992 to 1995

(91-0507) Emerging Coalitions in the Soviet All-Union and Republican Legislatures awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1991 to 1993