Michael C. Munger

Michael C. Munger

Professor of Political Science

External Address: 
140 Science Drive, 217 Gross, Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708-0204
(919) 660-4301
Behavior Identities, Methods, Political Economy, Political Institutions

Professor of Political Science, and Director of the PPE Certificate Program. His primary research focus is on the functioning of markets, regulation, and government institutions. He has taught at Dartmouth College, University of Texas, and University of North Carolina (where he was Director of the Master of Public Administration Program), as well as working as a staff economist at the Federal Trade Commission during the Reagan Administration. He is a past President of the Public Choice Society, an international academic society of political scientists and economists with members in 16 countries. He was North American Editor of the journal Public Choice for five years, and is now a Co-Editor of The Independent Review


  • Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis 1984
  • M.A., Washington University in St. Louis 1981
  • B.A., Davidson College 1980

Munger, M. C. “Euvoluntary Exchange and the Creation of Wealth.” Wealth Creation: Ethical & Economic Perspectives, edited by D. Schmidtz, Cognella Academic Publishing, 2012.

Munger, M. C. “Hayek’s Insight: Order Without Direction, Benefit Without Intent.” Political Economy in Philosophic Perspective, edited by Greg Butler, University Press of America, 2012.

Munger, M. C. “Euvoluntary or Not, Exchange is Just.” Liberalism and Capitalism, edited by E. F. Paul et al., Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Keech, W., and M. C. Munger. “Political Economy.” International Encyclopedia of Political Science, edited by L. Garrett et al., Congressional Quarterly Press, 2010.

Munger, M. C. “I have a real meeting at 10:30: Running for Office as a Third Party Candidate.” Inside Political Campaigns: Chronicles—And Lessons–From the Trenches, edited by J. Bowers and S. Daniels, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010, pp. 203–22.

Munger, M. C. “Orange blossom special: Externalities and the coase theorem.” Readings in Applied Microeconomics: The Power of the Market, edited by C. Newmark, Taylor & Francis, 2009, pp. 192–96. Manual, doi:10.4324/9780203878460. Full Text

Munger, M. C. “Regulation.” Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, edited by R. Hanowy, Cato Institute, 2008, pp. 418–20.

Munger, M. C. “Culture, order, and virtue.” Liberalism, Conservatism, and Hayek’s Idea of Spontaneous Order, 2007, pp. 177–95. Scopus, doi:10.1057/9780230609228. Full Text

Munger, M. C. “Culture, Order, and Virtue.” LIBERALISM, CONSERVATISM, AND HAYEK’S IDEA OF SPONTANEOUS ORDER, edited by Louis Hunt and Peter McNamara, Palgrave, 2007, pp. 267–91.

Munger, M. C. “A Retrospective Assessment of Tullock’s THE VOTE MOTIVE.” The Vote Motive, edited by P. Kurrild-Klitgaard, Institute of Economic Affairs, 2006, pp. 131–38.


Munger, M. C. “Egalitarianism, properly conceived: We all are "Rawlsekians" now!.” Independent Review, vol. 22, no. 1, June 2017, pp. 59–70.

Grynaviski, J. D., and M. C. Munger. “RECONSTRUCTING RACISM: TRANSFORMING RACIAL HIERARCHY from "nECESSARY EVIL" into "pOSITIVE GOOD".” Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 34, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 144–63. Scopus, doi:10.1017/S0265052517000073. Full Text Open Access Copy

Munger, Michael C. “The Leadership Crisis and the Free Market Cure: Why the Future of Business Depends on the Return to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Independent Review, vol. 20, no. 3, INDEPENDENT INST, Dec. 2016, pp. 466–69.

Munger, M. C. “Tomorrow 3.0 the sharing economy.” Independent Review, vol. 20, no. 3, Dec. 2016, pp. 391–95.

Munger, M. C. “Douglass C. North: The answer is "transactions costs".” Independent Review, vol. 21, no. 1, June 2016, pp. 143–46.

Munger, M., and G. Vanberg. “Gordon Tullock as a political scientist.” Constitutional Political Economy, vol. 27, no. 2, Apr. 2016, pp. 194–213. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s10602-016-9214-x. Full Text Open Access Copy

Munger, M. C., and G. Grynaviski. “Pathologies of Political Authority: Constructed Racism is 'Public Reason' Gone Wrong (forthcoming).” Social Philosophy and Policy, Cambridge University Press (CUP): HSS Journals - No Cambridge Open, 2016. Open Access Copy

Potthoff, R. F., and M. C. Munger. “Condorcet polling can yield serendipitous clues about voter views.” Public Choice, vol. 165, no. 1–2, Oct. 2015, pp. 1–12. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s11127-015-0285-4. Full Text

Keech, W. R., and M. C. Munger. “The anatomy of government failure.” Public Choice, vol. 164, no. 1–2, July 2015. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s11127-015-0262-y. Full Text

Guzmán, R. A., and M. C. Munger. “Erratum to: Euvoluntariness and just market exchange: moral dilemmas from Locke’s Venditio(Public Choice, (2014), 158, 39-49, DOI 10.1007/s11127-013-0090-x).” Public Choice, vol. 164, no. 1–2, July 2015. Scopus, doi:10.1007/s11127-015-0269-4. Full Text


Munger, M. C. “A Time-series Investigation into Factors Influencing U.S. Auto Assembly Employment.” Bureau of Economics Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, Feb. 1985.

Munger, M. C. “Trade Barriers and Deficits: The Hidden Tax of Protectionism.” Policy Report, Feb. 1984.

Munger, M. C., et al. “Toward A More Open Trade Policy.” Formal Publication No. 53, 1983.


Munger, M. C. Every Flaw in Consumers Is Worse in Voters. Learn Library, 29 Oct. 2015.

Munger, M. C. Sabotaging Uber: The Umpire Strikes Back. Foundation for Economic Freedom, 23 June 2015.

Munger, M. C. Breaking News: NY Times Confirms Supply, Demand Still Working. Foundation for Economic Freedom, 16 June 2015.

Munger, M. C. Comparative Advantage: An Idea Whose Time has Passed. Foundation for Economic Education, 28 Apr. 2015.

Munger, M. C. Hasta La Victoria Siempre. Foundation for Economic Freedom, 15 Jan. 2015.

Munger, M. C. Main Reply. Online Library of Liberty, 2015.

Munger, M. C. What Makes an Exchange Euvoluntary. Online Library of Liberty, 2015.

Munger, M. C. Consent, Contract, and the Blood of Tyrants. Online Library of Liberty, 2015.

Munger, M. C. Unicorn Governance. Foundation for Economic Freedom, 11 Aug. 2014.


Munger, M. C. Market Makers or Parasites?. Liberty Fund, Inc., Feb. 2009.

Munger, M. C. Planning Order, Causing Chaos: Transantiago. EconLib, OLL, Liberty Fund, 2009.

Munger, M. C. “'A' Hire vs. 'the' Hire.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 15 Aug. 2008.

Munger, M. C. Think Globally, Act Irrationally: Recycling. Econlib, Liberty Fund, 2007.

Munger, M. C. I’ll Stick With These: Some Sharp Observations on the Division of Labor. Econlib, Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, IN,.", 2007.

Munger, M. C. The Five Sorry Rules of Lateness. Econlib, Liberty Fund, 2007.

Hinich, M. J., and M. C. Munger. “In Memoriam: Otto "Toby" Davis.” Public Choice, vol. 128, no. 3, 2006, pp. 357–59.

Munger, M. C. “The Thing Itself.” Econ Lib., Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, IN, 2005.