Michael Ward

missing portrait

Professor Emeritus of Political Science

External Address: 
140 Science Drive, 294E Gross, Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708-0204
(919) 660-4373
International Relations, Methods, Political Economy, Security, Peace, Conflict


  • Ph.D., Northwestern University 1977
  • B.A., Indiana University at Indianapolis 1970

Shin, M, and Ward, MD. "Lost in Space." Journal of Conflict Resolution 43.6 (December 1999): 793-817. Full Text

O'Loughlin, J, Ward, MD, Lofdahl, CL, Cohen, JS, Brown, DS, Reilly, D, Gleditsch, KS, and Shin, M. "The Diffusion of Democracy, 1946–1994." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 88.4 (December 1998): 545-574. Full Text

Ward, MD, and Gleditsch, KS. "Democratizing for Peace." American Political Science Review 92.01 (March 1998): 51-61. Full Text

Gleditsch, KS, and Ward, MD. "Double Take." Journal of Conflict Resolution 41.3 (June 1997): 361-383. Full Text

COHEN, JORDINS, STEVENSON, RANDOLPH, MINTZ, ALEX, and WARD, MICHAELD. "Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in Israel: The Indirect Link." Journal of Peace Research 33.3 (August 1996): 341-352. Full Text

Ward, MD, Davis, DR, and Lofdahl, CL. "A Century of Tradeoffs: Defense and Growth in Japan and the United States." International Studies Quarterly 39.1 (March 1995): 27-27. Full Text

Gibson, ML, and Ward, MD. "Export Orientation: Pathway or Artifact?." International Studies Quarterly 36.3 (September 1992): 331-331. Full Text

Ward, MD, and Davis, DR. "Sizing up the Peace Dividend: Economic Growth and Military Spending in the United States, 1948–1996." American Political Science Review 86.03 (September 1992): 748-755. Full Text

Ward, MD, and Rajmaira, S. "Reciprocity and Norms in U.S.-Soviet Foreign Policy." Journal of Conflict Resolution 36.2 (June 1992): 342-368. Full Text

Rajmaira, S, and Ward, MD. "Evolving Foreign Policy Norms: Reciprocity in the Superpower Triad." International Studies Quarterly 34.4 (December 1990): 457-457. Full Text