Ngoc Phan is an advanced PhD Candidate in Political Science at Duke University. He studies corruption and the political economy of bribery in developing countries, especially in authoritarian regimes, and its consequences on the state's ability to enforce laws and policies. Phan employs a wide range of causal inference methods, including natural experiments, randomized controlled trials, and survey experiments, in his research on the industrial organization of corruption. His work on corruption and accountability in Vietnam has been published and is under review at political science journals. Phan also has several working papers and ongoing projects on the extortion of firms and household businesses in Indonesia and the Philippines.