Examines development of liberalism within political philosophy and economics, and alternatives as articulated by conservative, progressive and socialist critics. Course examines doctrines themselves and place within historical context in which they emerged. Liberal tradition represented by such thinkers as Locke, Hume, Smith, Paine, Constant, J. S. Mill, Hayek and Friedman. Conservative critics will include such writers as Burke, de Maistre, Papal Encyclicals, Carlyle, Meyer, Kirk, Scruton, and Deneen. Socialist and progressive critics will include Saint Simon, Marx and Engels, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Veblen, Lange, Laski, and Marcuse. Course is part of 'Transformative Ideas' curriculum.